Chapter One (Vocab)
Chapter One – Studying Geography
Terms to Identify Sec. 1
Geography- Study of everything on earth.
Perspective- the way a person looks at something
Landscapes- scenery of a place, its physical, human, and cultural features
Cartography- the study of maps or map making
Meteorology- the study of weather
Region- Is an area with one or more common features that makes it different from surrounding areas. Cities, states, and continents are some examples.
Formal Region- has one or more common features or combination of features that make it different from surrounding areas. Rocky Mountains is an example
Functional Region- These are different places that are linked together and function as one unit. Shopping Malls or suburbs are examples.
Perception- awareness and understanding of the environment around us.
Perceptual Regions- regions that reflect human feelings and attitudes examples are The
Midwest, the South or Dixie
Grid- Pattern of lines on a globe
Latitude- East/West Lines
Longitude- North/South lines
Equator- Imaginary line that circles the globe b/w the north pole and the south pole.
Parallels- another name for latitude lines, they are called this because they are always parallel to the equator and each other
Meridians- lines of longitude, measure distances east/west of the Prime Meridian
Prime Meridian- Imaginary line drawn from the North Pole , through GreenwichEngland to the south pole.
Degrees- distance measured is referred to in degrees the symbols is a small circle.
Hemispheres- globe is divided into halves – Southern, Northern, Eastern, Western.
Continents- 7- Asia, North America, Australia, Europe, South America, Antarctica, Africa.
Atlas- A collection of maps in one book
Map Projections- different ways of presenting our round earth
Great Circle Route- shortest route b/w to places on earth
Compass Rose- arrows that point in all four directions
Legend- identifies the symbols on a map.
Contiguous- connecting or bordering
Precipitation- moisture that falls, rain, snow, sleet, or hail
Topography- elevation, layout, and shape of the land.
Climate graphs- Shows the average temp. And precip in a place.
Population Pyramids- shows the % of males, and females by age group in a country’s population.