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Chapter One (Vocab)

 

Chapter One – Studying Geography

 

 

 

Terms to Identify Sec. 1

 

Geography- Study of everything on earth.

 

Perspective- the way a person looks at something

 

Landscapes- scenery of a place, its physical, human, and cultural features

 

Cartography- the study of maps or map making

 

Meteorology- the study of weather

 

Region- Is an area with one or more common features that makes it different from surrounding areas.  Cities, states, and continents are some examples.

 

Formal Region- has one or more common features or combination of features that make it different from surrounding areas. Rocky Mountains is an example

 

Functional Region- These are different places that are linked together and function as one unit. Shopping Malls or suburbs are examples.

 

Perception- awareness and understanding of the environment around us.

 

Perceptual Regions- regions that reflect human feelings and attitudes examples are The

Midwest, the South or Dixie

 

Section Two

 

Grid- Pattern of lines on a globe

 

Latitude- East/West Lines

 

Longitude- North/South lines

 

Equator- Imaginary line that circles the globe b/w the north pole and the south pole.

 

Parallels- another name for latitude lines, they are called this because they are always parallel to the equator and each other

 

Meridians- lines of longitude, measure distances east/west of the Prime Meridian 

 

Prime Meridian- Imaginary line drawn from the North Pole , through GreenwichEngland to the south pole.

 

Degrees- distance measured is referred to in degrees the symbols is a small circle.

 

Hemispheres- globe is divided into halves – Southern, Northern, Eastern, Western.

 

Continents- 7- Asia, North America, Australia, Europe, South America, Antarctica, Africa.

 

Atlas- A collection of maps in one book

 

Map Projections- different ways of presenting our round earth

 

Great Circle Route- shortest route b/w to places on earth

 

Compass Rose- arrows that point in all four directions

 

Legend- identifies the symbols on a map.

 

Contiguous- connecting or bordering

 

Precipitation- moisture that falls, rain, snow, sleet, or hail

 

Topography- elevation, layout, and shape of the land.

 

Climate graphs- Shows the average temp. And precip in a place.

 

Population Pyramids- shows the % of males, and females by age group in a country’s population.

 

 

 

 

 

Beatrice Public Schools320 N 5th StreetBeatrice, NE  68310402-223-1500

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